Influence of reach on luggage industry in EU
With China's entry into WTO and the rapid growth of foreign trade, it is common for China's leather and leather products to encounter non-tariff trade barriers. Among them, technical barriers to trade are the most common. More than 50% of the enterprises surveyed have encountered technical barriers to trade. At present, a series of technical barriers to trade have been issued one after another, which will become the bottleneck restricting China's leather and leather products export for a long time.
EU REACH Regulation
It was formally implemented on June 1, 2007, replacing more than 40 chemical related directives and regulations such as the original EU Directive on the classification, packaging and labelling of hazardous substances. All chemicals on the EU market and entering the EU market are required to register, evaluate and license, and implement safety monitoring. Reach's regulation of the registration, assessment, licensing and restriction of chemicals act is aimed at substances rather than commodities.
According to reach regulations, products with a total of 1 ton of chemicals or preparations exported to the EU need to be registered, otherwise they are prohibited from entering the EU market. This is the principle of "no data, no market" in reach regulation.
Influence of EU REACH Regulation on luggage industry
The implementation of reach will have a profound impact on the luggage industry. Many chemical raw materials will be used in the manufacturing process of luggage materials, such as leather, textile, plastic, hardware, etc., and there will be chemical residues in the luggage products. According to the registration requirements of REACH regulations, there will be accidental chemical release in the process of use. Even if there is no testing procedure for chemicals, manufacturers and importers must test and evaluate each chemical that may be released from their products. At the same time, in the assessment requirements, any chemical substances that are reasonably suspected to be harmful to human health or the environment can be evaluated by the relevant agencies according to the standard requirements, and it is inevitable for luggage products. Experts said that once reach started, in order to gain recognition, Chinese luggage foreign trade enterprises not only have to pay a lot of indirect costs such as inspection, testing, evaluation and purchase of advanced instruments and equipment, but also pay a lot of direct fees such as certification application fees and annual fees for the use of marks. As a result, the cost of these products has risen sharply, thus losing the price advantage. On the other hand, if the product fails to meet the requirements of reach, the trade may fail.
On PFOS directive of EU and its influence
Introduction to PFOS
The directive on limiting the sale and use of perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS directive) issued by EU on December 27, 2006 has been implemented since April 2008. Based on the characteristics of persistent, highly bioaccumulative, toxic and long-distance environmental migration of PFOS substances, the directive restricts the use and marketing of PFOS products. Substances with PFOS as the constituent substance or element with concentration or mass equal to or greater than 0.005% shall not be sold. Limit the use of PFOS in finished and semi-finished products. Products, semi-finished products and parts containing PFOS concentration or mass equal to or more than 0.005% (50 mg / kg) shall not be sold. The restriction covers all products intended to be added with PFOS, including those used in specific parts and coated surfaces of products. The limit of textiles and coating materials is 1 μ g / m2. However, the restrictions are only applicable to new products, and there are no restrictions on products already in use or in the second-hand market.
The impact of EU PFOS directive
PFOS is commonly used in leather industry as waterproof agent, antifouling agent, softener and handle agent. For the leather industry, not all leather contains PFOS. Generally, PFOS is added in the production process only when leather products are required to achieve certain specific performance, such as waterproof, oil proof and antifouling. At present, China's leather production enterprises have not paid attention to the use of PFOS in the production process. PFOS will be added as an additive to the finishing agent and dye used for leather products, instead of directly used in the production of leather products. The formula of finishing agent and dye is generally confidential, and the name and content of components will not be indicated in the instructions. Therefore, domestic leather manufacturers are producing In the process, there may be misuse. Once exported to the European Union, such products often face the risk of return, leading to huge losses for enterprises. In addition, the European Union's PFOS directive will not only increase the inspection cost of China's leather products export, but also increase the export cost and further weaken the price competitive advantage.
On EU DMF directive and its influence
Introduction to DMF instruction
The DMF directive is a directive passed by the European Commission on March 17, 2009. Its full name is "resolution requiring member states to guarantee that they will not put on the market or sell products containing the biocide dimethyl fumarate (DMF)". Since May 1, 2009, the EU Member States will stipulate that if the content of dimethyl fumarate (DMF) in consumer goods or its components exceeds 0.1mg/kg or declares that it contains DMF, it will be prohibited to put the product on the market for sale, and the product containing DMF that has been put on the market should be recycled.
Influence of DMF instruction
DMF is a widely used mould proof and moisture-proof agent. It is usually used in moisture-proof bags, especially in leather and its products export. As DMF may cause skin allergy, rash or burning pain, the DMF directive of EU stipulates that the content of DMF in consumer products or parts shall not exceed 0.1 mg / kg. According to experts, this is equivalent to banning the use of DMF, because as long as it is used, it must exceed the standard. Therefore, this has a great impact on China's luggage and packaging materials enterprises, leading to the return of their products. At the same time, it also makes the sales of chemical enterprises producing DMF greatly affected.